Guangzhou is the capital of Guangdong Province , and is one of the best known historical and cultural cities in China . In ancient times, it was known as Fanyu and was the starting point of the Maritime Silk Road. Guangzhou is also the biggest industrial city and foreign trade port in South China . It is called the "Ram City" due to statues of five rams in Yuexiu Park, relating to a
legend about the founding of the city.
Guangzhou is located in the subtropical zone and the climate is humid. The trees and grass are green, and flowers bloom all year round. There are many places of historical interest and scenic beauty , including the eight ancient relics and eight modern historical vestiges. The modern recreation facilities here are colorful and attractive,and the folk customs and local operas are unique and rich in content. Winding streets and alleys encompass both traditional and modern buildings, presenting fascinating pictures with lucid outlines and colorful designs. The convenient means of transportation and beautiful views in Guangzhou are attracting more and more tourists from abroad.
Guangzhou has a subtropical climate so the weather is pleasant throughout the whole year. The best time to visit though, is in the early till late autumn. It is also during this period when visitors have the chance to witness one of the local festivals – the Canton Fair, which is a bi-annual event held every spring and autumn. It is said to be the largest international trade fair.
Six-Banyan Temple - Located on Liurong (Six-Banyan) Road, this temple was built in 537. It is named after an inscription written by the famous Song Dynasty Poet Su Dongpo, who praised the six banyan trees in the garden. The Flower Pagoda in the temple grounds is the tallest and one of its kind in Guangzhou . It provides a panoramic view of the city. It also enshrines ancient bronze statues, and steles recording the history of the temple and the pagoda. The temple is also a center of Buddhist activities in Guangdong Province .
Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall - Located in Dongfeng Central Road, the hall was built in 1931 with contributions from both local people and overseas Chinese to commemorate the leader of the Chinese Democratic Revolution, Sun Yat-sen. a plaque bearing four Chinese characters in Dr. Sun Yat-sen's handwriting - Tian Xia Wei Gong, meaning "Be just to the people", hangs in the hall, in front of which there is a bronze statue of Sun.
Chen Clan Academy - This is an ancestral temple of the Chen Clan. Rebuilt with the money from its descendants in 72 counties in Guangdong , the academy is a representative work of the ancient folk buildings in Lingnan and combines folk architectural and ornamental arts into a beautiful and charming whole. First built in 1890, it has nine halls in three rows and six gardens covering over 10,000 square meters. Nowm the academy serves as the Guangdong Folk Arts and Crafts Museum .
Huaisheng Temple - This is one of the oldest building in Guangzhou . It was originally the residence of the descendants of the third generation of Zhao Tuo, ruler of the state of Yue. It was turned into a Buddhist temple in the period of the Three Kingdoms. Relics of the Grand Hall and the Iron Pagoda can still be seen.
Yuexiu Park - This is the biggest park in Guangzhou . Located on the the scenic Yuexiu Hill, it has an area covering 860,000 square meters. It is the home to many historical relics.
Zhenhai Tower ( Guangzhou Museum ) - Commonly known as the Five-Storey Tower , the Zhenhai Tower is located on the top of Yuexiu Hill. It was built during the 13 year reign of the Ming Emperor Hongwu, whose name means "lapping sea waves". This 28- meter high tower was one of the eight scenic spots in Guangzhou in the Qing Dynasty. Its roofs and eaves are covered with glazed tiles while its boundary wall on the bottom two storeys is made of bricks.
South China Botanical Garden - Located near the Dragon-Eye Cave in the northeastern outskirts of Guangzhou . It is a home to more than 4,000 plants. As one of the four main botanical gardens belonging to the Chinese Academy of Sciences, It serves as a base for introducing foreign plants. It also serves as a museum of tropical and subtropical plants. The garden is divided into palm plants, bamboo, shady, and plants that are for medical use.
Site of the Huanpu Military School - This was founded by Sun Yat-sen in 1924 with the help of the Chinese Communist Party and the Soviet Union . All that remains of the school now are: the main gate, a monument of Sun Yat-sen , Sun's former residence, a club, and a swimming pool.
Guangzhou Zoo - Located on Xianlie East Road , the Guangzhou Zoo occupies 430,000 square meters. It hase 2,500 animals of 310 species. Among them are animals under top state protection, including pandas, golden monkeys, and south China tigers.
Yuntai Garden - This is a new scenic spot in the Baiyun Scenic Area, where flowers bloom all year round. The garden, though in the Lingnan Style, embodies some Western-style features. There are also man-made lakes and greenhouses.
Night Cruise on the Pearl River - The cruise starts at Bai'e Lake and ends at Ersha Island . Highlights include Moon over hte Bai'e Lake and Shining Waves of the Pearl River .
Guangzhou Horse Racecourse - This is the largest and the most modernized racecourse and training base for horse racing in China . It has more than 1,000 horses,a nd the stands can accommodate 40,000 people. It is the third largest of its kind in Asia .
Guangxiao Temple - This was originally the residence of king Zhao Jiande of the State of Southern Yue during the period of the Western han Dynasty. In the period of the Three Kingdoms, an official of the State of Wu , Wu Fan, lived in exile here. It was converted into a Buddhist temple during the Eastern Jin Dynasty. The Daxiong Hall in the temple is the oldest hall extant in south China and is famous for its blend of the Tang and Song Dynasty architectural styles. The two iron pagodas flanking the temple to the east and west are unique constructions.